• Gelada Baboon

  • Lalibela

  • Bale Mountain

  • Nile Fall

  • Fassiledes

  • Omotic Peoples

  • Dallol

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Social Facts


Food

Ethiopian Traditional Foods

The national dish is 'Enjera' -a large soft bread resembling a pancake with 'Wot' a spicy sauce of different types: chicken, lamb, and vegetable being the most popular. This delicious food is eaten using the fingers of the right hand to enfold the 'Enjera and Wot' Hands are always washed immediately before and after a meal. Ethiopian mead & bear - 'Tej & Tela' are also taken to wash down the traditional meal. But a typical Ethiopian meal would not be completed without an elaborate and charming coffee ceremony which is usually held two or three times a day lasting each time for a couple of hours. For the international cuisine there is now a selection of Italian, Indian, Chinese, French, Greek or Arabic restaurants in Addis Ababa and European food is always available in all big hotels outside the capital.

Religion

Ethiopia Meskel celebration

Christianity and Islam are the two main religions in Ethiopia making up 45% of the population each with other religions making up the rest. Most of the Christians belong to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

Language

Ethiopia Amharic Language

Amharic with its unique alphabet is the official language of Ethiopia and English is the official foreign language. There are over 80 languages and many dialects through out Ethiopia. In areas outside of the larger cities and towns, indigenous languages are likely to be spoken.

People

Ethiopia's population is estimated around 66 million. The mosaic of Ethiopia is composed of about 80 ethnic groups. Based on the language they speak, they can be divided into Semitic, Hamitic, Nilotic and Omotic stocks.

Clothing

Ethiopia Traditional Cloth

For Addis Ababa, loose-fitting cotton clothing, shirts of light- weight suits and dresses are suitable through out the year except during the cooler nights of July and August - when warm cloth is a useful addition. When on the lowlands, cotton or khaki suits are your best protections against the sun and dust. In the highland areas warm clothing is usually a must. Sturdy but light walking shoes are also recommended for walks in the countryside.

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